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- The white subject becomes gray
The camera metering system generally makes the average brightness as a midtone. Therefore, white subjects often become gray. overcome it using only the exposure compensation control to increase the exposure above the value suggested by the camera by increasing 1 EV, maybe even 2 EV.
- The black subject becomes gray
This is also caused by the camera metering system the solution is to use exposure compensation controls to reduce exposure and make the black subject completely black.
- The camera is in the wrong exposure mode
This is a classic mistake that is most likely to occur. The only solution to this problem is to get used to checking the exposure mode before we shoot.
- Subject when shooting backlight is not bright
When a subject is darker from the back or much darker than that environment the camera can be easily fooled so that it can under exposing the most important part of the image in an attempt to balance the exposure in the frame. so in order to get the right exposure with the backlit subject, switch the metering settings to center-weighted or spot-metering. center-weighted metering places greater emphasis on exposing the center of the frame, while spot-metering only requires the brightness of the object below the spot area to reach the main subject when selecting exposure settings.
- Spot-metering in the “ON” position
The problem is that spotmeter measures the brightness of a very small area of the scene and the camera shows an exposure setting that will make this small target a midtone.
To avoid this problem we must always remember to activate our camera back to the metering settings that are commonly used.
- Foreground the landscape is less bright
A common problem in landscape photography is that the sky is often much brighter than the ground below and this can make the camera underexposing the importance of foreground in the composition to make the sky look good, usually the solution is to use a GND filter mounted on the lens.
- The sky is overexposed in landscape
Like the exposure problem at number 6, this can be caused by an imbalance between sky and ground brightness in landscape, as the previous problem can be tricked using the GND filter.
- Exposure compensation is set incorrectly
One of the most common mistakes in exposure is forgetting to return compensation exposures to position 0, before taking pictures it should be a habit to check metering and exposure compensation settings.
- Shutter speed is too slow to freeze movement
Increasing the higher ISO number makes the shutter speed increase, but many photographers are reluctant to use high ISO sensitivity settings because they are concerned about making images with a lot of noise, but provided they remain within the ISO camera’s original sensitivity range and do not use normally normal expansion settings just another solution is to use the flash to be a little brighter and allow a faster shutter speed.
- The ISO sensitivity setting is incorrectly selected
If we take pictures in a low-light room and without a tripod, it is likely that we will set a higher ISO sensitivity. and sometimes forget to switch to a lower value when shooting in a bright place. make it a habit to check the camera settings before shooting