principle of photography

1. Portrait is closer to the Point of Interest (POI is the main focus in the photo)
If each time you see an object, move closer (or use zoom) so that the frame or photo appears to be filled with the object you want to focus on, don't leave too much space in your frame or photo because it won't look attractive and the object doesn't look details.

2. Shoot quickly to capture the moment
Do not be too long in setting up your camera, because you might lose good moments. take photos as soon as possible and as soon as possible. And no need to worry about taking too many pictures because bad images can later be deleted.

3. Be careful when composition of objects in photos
If you want to commercialize your photos, make every effort to your photos so that the composition of the object looks more balanced and beautiful because people will respond more to photos that have all the elements in balance. Try to photograph you later can direct the eye towards the object that is focused by using a line or pattern.

4. Be selective in displaying the elements in the photo.
Selection and keep away the elements that can interfere and divert people's attention to the main object as the focus of the photo or Point of Interest. The easiest way to do this is to make a composition through your camera's viewfinder, sliding the position where you are going to take photos to avoid elements that might interfere with the main object in the viewfinder such as an electric cable, tree branches visible from the side, your fingers or If your camera might interfere with the object's focus in your photo. Or you can also use photo editing software to select the elements in the photo.

5. Focus on the object
Take a photo using a different aperture and check the results to learn how the Depth of Field (DoF, depth of focus of the photo) affects the results of your shots. You will find that a smaller or narrow depth of field (a smaller f stop, for example f2.8) can produce photos that focus all on your object and the background will look blurry, this photo technique is suitable for photographing your child, animals, model photos, etc.
Whereas the larger depth of field (larger f-stop, for example f22) will produce a photo focusing on all areas visible in the viewfinder, this technique is suitable for photographing scenes.
6. Experiment with Shutter Speed
One of the most important aspects of the world of photography is that you have the ability to slow down time or capture a split second object. Use a slow Shutter Speed ​​technique and use a tripod to make beautiful photos from the river or a fast Shutter Speed ​​technique (1/500 and above) for moving objects.

7. Pay attention to the direction of light
Pay attention to the direction of the sun / light for when you want to take a photo. If you want to produce a silhouette photo, do a photo shoot with the position of the light behind the object. If you want the light to focus on the object, then take a photo with the sun in front or beside the object. In addition to the sun, light can be made using lights and the use of these lights is more flexible in determining the direction of the light so that it can produce better photos.

8. Pay attention to the weather
By looking at the situation outside the house, decide whether you want the sky background in the photo or not, if it is cloudy, avoid the sky as far as possible so that it is not caught on camera, and avoid becoming the background of your photo. On a sunny day, do a photo shoot by placing the sky as one of the elements in your photo.
If your camera allows using filters then use Polarizer. Using a polarizer will make the sky more blue, rich in contrasting colors and your photos will have beautiful effects.

9. Use the camera mode that suits you
Each camera is equipped with mode features for shooting, but don't just focus on using the "AUTO" or "Program" mode, because those modes are modes that are designed so that the program system on your camera will automatically select certain modes by adjusting the environment, sometimes the results of the photo do not match what you expect. Use semi-automatic modes (such as Aperture Priority (Av), Shutter Priority (Tv), etc.) so you can control certain settings to get results that match your expectations.

10. Dare to take pictures
Do not allow yourself to be afraid of the risks of photographing any object because it will kill your creativity in taking pictures. If you want to take photos of objects that you do not want to miss in rainy conditions, or you are on a boat, then dare to take pictures with a camera that has been protected with a transparent plastic bag or transparent plastic that is waterproof (waterproof bag), do not be afraid if you will get wet, or you will lose an amazing moment.

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