In Focus: Camera Basics

Camera Basics # 1: Aperture
The first thing to consider when taking photos with a digital camera is the aperture effect on your image. How does the result of changes in the final photo depend on the aperture, is it stretched or narrowed? In this article, we study the effects of various aperture regarding depth-of-field by comparing several examples, and learning about the concept of f-stop

Camera Basics # 2: Shutter Speed
When shooting, you certainly want to understand about the shutter speed and the good effects on your photos. What kind of effects can you create at a faster or slower shutter speed? Let’s look at the effects of different shutter speeds with the help of the following example.

Camera Basics # 3: Lighting
Lighting, is one of the main factors that can make a good or bad picture. Let’s talk about how we can make the best use of lighting to get the best results from a shot.

Camera Basics # 4: Exposure Compensation
Exposure compensation is a function that you can use to change the lighting set by the camera (the camera determines the right lighting) to be something that is your own preference. Here, we will find out more about this function, while learning how to recognize subjects that require positive or negative exposure compensation.

Camera Basics # 5: ISO Speed
ISO speed has the same important role as aperture and shutter speed regarding the effect on lighting. Now, let’s learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of increasing ISO speed.

Camera Basics # 6: White Balance
White balance is a feature that ensures that white is reproduced accurately, regardless of the type of lighting conditions when the photo is taken. At the most basic level, it is common to use the Auto White Balance setting. However, this arrangement is not the right solution for all. For the white balance setting that best matches the lighting source, select one of the white balance preset settings on your camera.

Camera Basics # 7: Metering
The metering function measures the brightness of the subject and decides how much lighting is best for the photo in question. Let’s look at each of the available metering modes to better understand and know which mode is the best to use, and in what conditions / scenery.

Camera Basics # 8: Set Focus
One thing that allows a photographer to convey his photographic intent to the audience is to set focus. What is the secret behind how to set the best focus? Let us know more about the special features of autofocus (AF) and manual focus (MF).

Camera Basics # 9: AF Mode
When setting focus on a subject, it is very important to anticipate the movement of the subject and capture it at the right moment. This means, you must know the autofocus mode (AF) which is suitable for use on immovable subjects, and which are used when the subject is moving. Let’s look more closely at the 3 types of AF mode.

Camera Basics # 10: Picture Style
With the Picture Style function, you can adjust color and contrast tones to increase the charm and appeal of the subject. By choosing the perfect Picture Style setting, you can get perfect results in expressing your shooting intent in clear photos.

Camera Basics # 11: Phase Detection AF
Phase detection AF (also known as phase difference detection AF) is an auto focus system used in shooting viewfinders on DSLR cameras. Its main feature is the rapid, automatic focusing speed. In the following, we will explain more about phase detection AF, and how Dual Pixel CMOS AF from Canon utilizes the latest AF technology to enable phase detection AF, even in Live View.

Camera Basics # 12: Viewfinder
When it comes to shooting, the most important part of the camera is the viewfinder. Today, there are a number of cameras that are not equipped with a viewfinder, and only have Live View shooting. However, the more you are experienced with photography, you will realize, how much the effect of shooting with the viewfinder on your photos. In this article, we will examine the viewfinder.

Camera Basics # 13: Live View
Implementation of Dual Pixel CMOS AF on the latest camera models from Canon has improved overall shooting conditions in Live View. Live View, which displays fast AF speeds that offset the AF viewfinder, gradually became the method of shooting choices for many photographers. Following this, we will explain more about the characteristics of Live View.

Camera Basics # 14: Position and Angle
Two elements that have a great influence on the results of your photos are position and angle. Because both of them are so impactful, varying them will ensure that you will be able to get different effects in your photos. Following this, we will examine 3 things, each with regard to position and angle.

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