Most kit lenses can only be used when taking pictures with a wide viewing distance in the position of 18 mm – 55 mm with the hope that the shooting background does not become blurred.
    That can happen unless you understand that the wide aperture (the size of your camera lens opens when taking photos) is not the only determining factor in creating a blur.
    One of the determining factors also in creating an effect with an interesting background (blur) is to pay attention to the distance between the subject and your background.
    The farther the position of your subject is from the background you want to take, the better you create a blur background on your photo.
    Therefore, to create a blur background that looks good using a kit lens on your camera, you need to adjust or place the position of your subject away from the background you want to use in your shooting.

    If you cannot place the position of your subject away from your background or the background where your subject is located does not match / match the photo you want to take, then you need to consider this, which is changing your own perspective.
    For example, let your subject sit instead of standing or vice versa, then take a picture when your subject sits or vice versa with your standing position or vice versa.
    Take a picture of the subject from the top position when you stand or vice versa, you sit and your subject stands.
    Good results, actually come from ourselves.
    When we work and continue to develop our abilities by learning and practicing, then we can produce photos that fit our needs and desires.
    That is why, be a creative photographer who never runs out of ideas in photographing.

    ISO is a measure of the sensitivity of a digital sensor to light.
    ISO settings on a high scale (400, 800, and 1600) provide the opportunity to use lighting in a short time with low light quality.
    If your ISO settings are quite high, then you can use the ambient light (the light available at the shooting location) instead of the flashlight when shooting.
    You can test the capabilities of your camera on a high ISO setting scale by taking several of the same images on different ISO scales, for example, 400, 800, or 1600, then try to compare the results of the photos you get with another.
    After that, make a decision that suits you.
    Many people often move when they want to be photographed, not to mention the opening of their eyes (flickering) and constantly changing their facial expressions – and there are no photos worse than a photo of someone with blinking eyes instead of smiling .
    To avoid this problem and to prevent motion blur from appearing, you need to set the shutter speed in a fast position.
    This will also help to ensure the sharpness of your photos and avoid interference that can occur on your camera such as vibration or shake during shooting.
    In some cases, in low amounts of light (indoors and outside), you need to increase your ISO to 1,600, 3,200 or even 6,400, to avoid poor results.

    Point the light modifier you have (light modifier) ​​straight to the background of your shooting to give enough light to the model and background you are using.
    Then, spread the light you have in the shooting location by using a large “softbox” (homemade light modifier) ​​to make the light look soft on the look of your model’s skin.
    Remember, the closer you place your camera’s light to your model, the bigger and softer the light will appear in the quality of your photo.

    “The eye is the window of one’s soul, which is why, the eye must be the focal point of every good photo.”
    It’s true that the eye is not the only important part of producing good and good photos, but the eye is the sharpest and most attractive element that is on your face, and it cannot be denied.
    When you do a photo shoot using a wide aperture by taking focus on the eye, the bokeh lens (blurring of light points) will help soften the appearance of your photos so they look attractive and full of attraction.

    When setting the shutter speed on your camera, the length of your focal lens camera will be a problem if you experience vibration or shake during shooting because it will give a less good impact for your photos.
    To overcome this, make sure your shutter speed is higher than your focal length.
    For example, if your focal length is 200 mm then set your shutter speed to 1/250 seconds or faster.
    This also means you can take pictures by adjusting your shutter speed in a slow position when you want to take pictures on a wider area such as 1/20 second with an 18 mm focal length.

    Aperture is a measure of how much your camera lens opens when taking photos.
    Kit lenses usually have a limited aperture range when shooting.
    That means that you can’t open it just like you do with a camera lens that is in a fairly expensive category.
    If you want to use a wide aperture to reach a slightly wider shooting area, then you need to set your camera kit lens in position (usually around f / 3.5 – f / 5.6).
    This will help you get a good bokeh effect for your background, and keep your camera’s focus point fixed on your subject.

    Focus plays an important role in photography.
    When dealing with a subject, however, you have to know where you should direct your vision, especially when you want to take close-up shots at relatively small visibility.
    Set your focus mode, autofocus can be very helpful in every photo you take, but in close up photos, it is better to replace it with manual focus.
    Remember, closer to the lens of your photo with the subject, the focus of your camera will not deviate from the boundary of the photo you have set.
    Besides setting your focus mode, also specify the focal point of your shooting area.
    To be able to photograph your subject accurately (correctly), then replace your autofocus area at one point (single point).
    In essence, don’t focus on the entire area where your subject is, but try to focus on the subject itself.
    For example, instead of focusing on the entire bicycle area used by a child, focus on how many times the child’s eyes look at the bicycle.
    But above all, make sure that the distance between you and your subject has not changed from the start.


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