Human photos are all photographs whose main object is humans, both children to the elderly, young and old. The main element in this photo is human, which can offer value and attraction to be visualized. These photos are further divided into several categories, namely:
a. Portrait
Portrait is a photo that displays human expression and character in his daily life. Different human characters will offer their own image in making portrait photos. The challenge in making portrait photos is to be able to capture object expressions (mimic, gaze, facial wrinkles) that are able to give an emotional impression and create someone’s character.
b. Human interest
Human Interest in photographic works is to describe human life or human interaction in daily life and emotional expressions that show people with their life problems, which all of them bring a sense of interest and sympathy to those who enjoy the photo.
c. Stage Photography
Stage Photography is all photos that show human activities / lifestyles that are part of the culture and entertainment world to be exploited and become interesting material to be visualized.
d. Sport
Sports photos are a type of photo that captures interesting and spectacular action in sports events and matches. This type of photo requires the accuracy and speed of a photographer in capturing the best moments.
In this type of photo the nature of objects is primarily objects and natural (natural) living things such as animals, plants, mountains, forests and others.
a. Photos of Flora
This type of photo with the main object of plants and plants is known as a type of flora photo. Various types of plants with all their diversity offer the value of beauty and attraction to be recorded with a camera.
b. Fauna photos
Photo fauna is a type of photo with various types of animals as the main object. This photo shows the world appeal of animals in their activities and interactions.
c. Photo Landscape
Landscape photos are a type of photo that is so popular as human photos. Landscape photos are photos of a landscape consisting of elements of the sky, land and water, while humans, animals and plants are only supporting elements in this photo. Natural expressions and weather are the main moments in assessing the success of making landscape photos.
Wherever you go you will find buildings in various sizes, shapes, colors and designs. In this type of photo displays the beauty of a building both in terms of history, culture, design and construction. Photographing a building from various sides and finding the value of its beauty is very important in making this photo. Photos of this architecture can not be separated from the excitement of the world of architecture and civil engineering so that this type of photo becomes quite important.
Still life photos are creating images of dead objects or objects. Making pictures from inanimate objects becomes interesting and looks “alive”, communicative, expressive and contains the message to be conveyed is the most important part in the creation of this photographic work. Still photos are not just copying or moving objects into the film in a simple way, because if that is done, the name is documenting. This type of photo is a type of photo that is challenging in testing creativity, imagination, and technical abilities.
Journalistic photos are photos that are used for the benefit of the press or information interests. In the delivery of the message, there must be a caption (writing describing the contents of the photo) as part of the presentation of this type of photo. These types of photos we often encounter in mass media (newspapers, magazines, bulletins, etc.).
After we get to know the types of photos, it is time to find out how to memotrer to produce a photographic work. A photographer must initially master the camera and how the camera works.
The term focusing in photography is the process of sharpening images in certain areas of an object of shooting. Focusing is the most basic technique but so important, because to get sharp and clear images we have to do the right focusing. Selecting a specific field or point in a photo object will determine the impression of “depth” in a photo. The object we will face in shooting is not just a stationary object, but we will also be faced with a moving object (such as a sports photo), this will affect the level of difficulty in focusing. For the learning phase, do focusing on the still object first until we understand the focusing technique correctly.
Speed ​​settings
The negative combustion process in the camera to get a particular image is influenced by how the camera works and the shutter speed. We can determine the shutter speed when burning with speed settings. The higher the speed (high speed) that we use, the faster the shutter will work and vice versa, the lower the speed (low speed) that we use, the slower the shutter will work. In the world of photography there are terms of normal lighting (normal exposure), low lighting (under exposure) and high lighting (over exposure). Normal lighting is where we determine the right speed and diaphragm to get the image as in the actual state of the object photo. Over exposure (high lighting) is compensated for the speed setting to get more lighting intensity than normal lighting and the resulting image is brighter than the original condition. Under exposure (low lighting) is exposure compensation at speed settings to reduce light intensity under normal lighting. Under exposure is often used when the light conditions in shooting are too loud so compensation will be needed to get a more optimal image.
Diaphragm Settings
An interesting photo is where the photo has space dimensions or depth impressions. Diaphragm facilities on the camera lens play an important role in regulating the separation between the background plane and the main object. The diaphragm also determines how wide the sharp space in the photo is. The smaller the diaphragm opening the wider the sharp space we can get and the bigger the diaphragm opening, the narrower the sharp space in the photo.
1. Zooming
Zooming is creative shooting by utilizing the ring zoom facility on the camera lens. Zoom in is to make the image of the object appear closer while zooming out is to make the image of the object appear more distant. In speed settings and using the right zoom will provide a motion effect on the results of the photo.
2. Panning
Panning is a creative shooting technique to get the motion effect on moving objects (motorbike racing, running people, etc.). The result of the panning technique is the motion effect on the background (background).
3. Double / Multi Expose
Is a shooting technique by combining several images / images in one frame. This technique requires pouring creativity, ideas, concepts and understanding of composition and lighting.
4. Bulb
Bulb is the process of shooting using the bulb facility on the camera. The bulb facility on the camera provides flexibility in determining how long the shutter is open for the combustion process. If we take pictures in low or very low light conditions (at night), and speed priority is no longer able to get normal lighting, the bulb facility on the camera will be very helpful. To avoid shaking, tripod tools and release cables are needed.
5. Silhouette
Silhouette is a shooting technique to display images of objects in the dark. This technique utilizes the direction of the light source that comes from behind the object that we are going to portray. This technique requires the accuracy of lighting so that the objects we record still appear with the right contours and sharpness.
6. Macro
Macro is creative in shooting using a macro lens to get a very close picture of an object. Macro photos are also used to get details and textures on the objects we are shooting. In macro shooting, sharp space will be very narrow because it requires precision lighting and focusing. When there is no macro lens to do this photo we can work around this by reversing the normal lens for the macro mapper.
7. Framming
Framming is a creative photo shoot by utilizing other elements on the object we are portraying so as to form the impression of a separate frame / frame to add value to the uniqueness and attractiveness and strengthen the image’s visual impression
8. Strobis
Strobist is an external flash usage technique, so it is not used above hotshoe cameras, but with the help of a trigger, or Flash that can be used as a master. This wireless trigger tool generally uses radio waves or infrared light to turn on the slave flash (another flash must follow the main flash). The advantage of using this technique is that we can position one or more flashes anywhere to adjust the direction, intensity, light to produce the photos we want.


BACA JUGA:   The Growth of Photography from Time to Time

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